Coal & Lignite
India bestowed with huge quantities of Coal & Lignite and is 7th largest in the World. The deposits in India have primarily high ash and low GCV. The main disadvantage of Indian coal is hardness and its abrasiveness and it is not perfect for boilers and other machineries. It has necessitated use of imported coal for pure use or blended use. India has scanty deposits of Coaking Coal which is essential for Iron/Steel making and in other metallurgical sectors too. Thus India imports huge quantities of Coking Coal from countries like Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Indonesia.

Product Features

  • Lignite
  • India has lignite deposits in southern and western parts of peninsular shield particularly in Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir. As per IMYB 2012 lignite reserves in India as on 01.04.2012 were about 41.96 billion tons. Tamilnadu has approx 33.88 billion tons reserves which is 81 % of total lignite reserves, other states where lignite deposits have been located are Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Rajasthan, West Bengal and the Union Territory of Puducherry. State wise / district wise reserves of lignite as on 1.4.2012 are given in Table - 3. In India there are fourteen opencast lignite mines in working condition. Three are owned by Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC), five by Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation Ltd (GMDCL), three by Rajasthan State Mines & Minerals Limited (RSMML), and one mine each by Gujarat Industries Power Co. Ltd (GIPCL), Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd (GHCL) & V S Lignite Power Pvt. Ltd. (VSLPPL). Indian coal is classified into two main categories, namely, coking and non-coking. Carbonization coal which is type of coking coal is suitable for use in metallurgical industries, particularly in iron and steel industries. Coking Index, Volatile matter (VM%), vitrinite %, crucible swell no, fluidity, reflectance are the parameters to determine coking property of coal. Ash percentage is the main criteria for semi weakly coking coal as well moisture percentage is important for commercial gradation and pricing. Empirical formula is used to determine UHV (useful heat value) of non coking in Kcal/Kg. The classification of coal as per the Ministry of Coal is given in Table - 28. UHV (useful heat value) is the one main factor for pricing, grading and changing of thermal coal. The international practice of Gross Calorific Value (GCV) system is under consideration of Ministry of Coal in India to replace UHV system. In order to adopt the best international practices, India decided to switch over from the grading based on Useful Heat Value (UHV) to the grading based on Gross Calorific Value (GCV); and, therefore, on 16.01.2011 the Ministry of Coal notified the switch over.
  • Consumption
  • In India thermal power plants, Iron & Steel plants, sponge iron and Cement plants are the major industries consuming sizeable quantities of coal. Railways, collieries, textile industries use coal as a domestic fuel. Data regarding consumption in these sectors are not available. However, industry wise dispatches of coal are given in Table - 29.
  • Our Sources
  • We source coal from Indonesia (5400 kCal/Kg GCV Coal to 6100 kCal/Kg GCV coal) and from South Africa (6500 kCal/Kg to 6600 kCal/Kg). The South African Coal with high FC and moderate Ash, Moisture and VM suits the metallurgical sector while the Indonesian Coal with less Ash and high VM (higher moisture compensated by lower price) has wide acceptance in Power Sector.
  • Supplies
  • We supply Coal mainly through four modes (a) Full Ship load, (b) Part Ship Load (on High Seas Basis), (c) Ex-plot from Port and also (d) Door Delivery basis. We have capability to choose and perform from any Indian port that handles coal.